How To Test Your Verbal Fluency

By Min Liu | Verbal Skills

In this article, you will learn to do a verbal fluency test on yourself. By the end of this article, you will compare your results with some benchmarks and other people’s results and learn whether your verbal fluency might be something that you might want to train further. 

You very well might want to because verbal fluency is absolutely crucial to having better verbal skills and being a better communicator.

It never hurts to have better and higher verbal fluency.

So, having said that, what exactly is verbal fluency, i.e. what is the definition of verbal fluency?

Verbal fluency is, in layperson terms, the ease with which you can access and verbalize your mental vocabulary.

Or, to put it another way: the ease with which a person can produce words. 

The better your verbal fluency is, the more potential you have to become a great speaker or communicator.  That’s because words come to you very easily.

And if your verbal fluency is poor, you can barely put one word together with another one.

I hope that’s not you, but if you find that words don’t generally come to you very easily, don’t worry! 

Verbal fluency is something that’s very trainable.

By poring through the scientific literature, I have discovered up to twenty exercises that can train your verbal fluency.

So, are you ready to test your verbal fluency?!

Awesome, we’re going to do two different verbal fluency tests today, which are the most basic tests used by practitioners to assess people’s verbal fluency.

Let’s get started with test number one, which is called Semantic Fluency.  Right now, I want you to get a watch out, set it to 60 seconds, and also bring out your smartphone and hit record in an audio memo:

Verbal Fluency Test One: Semantic Fluency (i.e. Category Fluency)

List all of the animals you can think of in the next 60 seconds.  Then, do it again with food as your category.

Listen to the audio file you just recorded.  Add up the total number of words in the two rounds and divide by two. That is your average.  Do not count repeats.

Post your results in the comments (average, gender, and age).

Verbal Fluency Test Two: Phonetic Fluency (i.e. Letter Fluency)

Name all of the words you can think of that start with the letter F in 60 seconds.  Repeat with letter A.  Repeat with letter S.  Do not count repeats and do not count proper nouns like names of places or people.

Add up the total number of words and divide by three.  That is your average.  Do not count repeats and do not count proper nouns like names of places or people.

Post your results in the comments (average, gender, and age).

How To Interpret Your Results

Now, let’s talk your results and how they might compare to others:

Test One tests your “semantic/category fluency” which is a measure of executive functioning and overall language ability.

Test Two tests your “phonetic/letter fluency” and according to researchers is a shortcut (albeit not a complete) method to assess your cognitive functioning.

From what I have seen in reviewing the scientific research, there is no scientific consensus on what a “good” score is.

Researchers have only focused on what a “poor” score might be.

From the scientific research out there, most practitioners believe that less than 14 or 15 in any given test may be indicative of a cognitive or problem.  Some practitioners go up to 17.

In a recent 2014 study that involved older adults (roughly 65 years of age), the average was 22 for Test One and 15 for Test Two.

Now, I’m sure many of you are you younger than 65, so many of you scored higher than 22, which is great.

You can find scores that many other people have posted in this video:

There is no established baseline for what’s considered average, good, or great, but of course, the higher the better.  

In other words, there is no well-established result for what is considered a great score, just some general guidance about what is a score low enough for doctors or practitioners to be concerned or worried.

But again, the higher the better.



A higher score is better because it merely means you have an easier time accessing and verbalizing your mental vocabulary. You want to jack it up as high as possible (and keep it that way) for as long as possible.

If you scored less than 14 or 15, you may want to consider seeing a doctor to be evaluated further for cognitive issues.

Regardless, these two verbal fluency tests allow you to set a good baseline to see how verbal fluency training or exercises are helping you (or not).

How To Train Your Verbal Fluency: Verbal Fluency Improvement

Now, if you didn’t do as well as you hoped, or you want to do better than you did, then you will need to find ways to get some verbal fluency improvement for yourself.

Some people suggest taking verbal fluency nootropics or verbal fluency supplements.

Maybe some of them work, but most likely, they won’t work well.

And if they did work well, they might have longer-term effects on your body or brain that are less than ideal.

So, for me, nootropics are a no go.

But, that is okay!

Like I said earlier, verbal fluency is trainable. I do not believe in regular use of nootropics.

In order to improve your verbal fluency, you will want to frequently test your verbal fluency while also frequently practicing verbal fluency exercises and engaging in verbal fluency activities.

That starts with the two exercises laid out for you in this article, but also extends to many other exercises that you can do.

Do them every day while you’re driving to/from work. Or, even when you’re sitting on the can. 😀

Two Final Notes About Verbal Fluency Exercises

With these exercises, you will want to assess and track your verbal fluency improvement over time against the baseline you set today.

First, whenever you do these verbal fluency exercises, remember to do them OUT LOUD. What I mean by this is actually verbalize the words. It is NOT sufficient to do these exercises in your head. You must make sure to speak the words out loud!

Second, if you really want to train your verbal fluency to the max, then you must learn (and practice) all TWENTY exercises you can use to dramatically improve your verbal fluency.

For a preview of my verbal fluency training program, go to:


About the Author

Min Liu is a corporate lawyer, Amazon #1 bestselling author, the founder of The Art of Verbal War, where people learn to EXCEL in verbal skills, and in the words of his readers, he's the "big brother you never had".

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(2) comments

Tricia April 21, 2020

Exercise #1 – 14
Exercise #2 – 16
Female 42

maria bautista June 12, 2020

I am a 25 yrs old Female. Filipino and english is my second language first test I scored 26 words per minute and second test I socred 16 words per minute.

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